Take good care of young children to cultivate eating habits
Age: Toddlers and Preschoolers (1?
(5 years old) Carefully cultivate your eating habits. Dietary principles: 1.
Drink milk daily 2.
Develop a good eating habit without picky eaters or partial food 1?
2 years old needs special care.
The child’s body develops rapidly and needs to absorb many nutrients, but their insulin is not mature enough and their digestion is not strong. For example, the capacity of the stomach is only about 250 ml, the teeth are growing, and the chewing ability is limited.Nutritious food, the processing of food should be fine without taking up much space.
Daily supplementary milk or corresponding dairy products is more than 350 ml. Please also pay attention to supplementary eggs and egg products, semi-fat poultry, liver, processed beans and shredded vegetables.
Where possible, give your child some animal blood and seafood products every week.
To guide and educate children to eat on their own 4 times a day?
5 meals, but eat regularly.
During the meal, the child should be trained to concentrate on eating and suspend other activities.
Let your child have some outdoor activities every day.
Some 5-year-olds enter kindergartens, and their activities increase. In addition to the above-mentioned principles of caring for young children, the amount of food should be increased, and gradually let the children eat some coarse grain foods to guide the children to develop good and hygienic eating habits.
Some meals can be served as a snack, for example, after a nap, you can eat a small amount of nutritious food or soup.
Where conditions permit, children and children can eat together to promote appetite.
In addition, the child’s height and weight should be measured regularly and recorded to understand the child’s development progress and pay attention to whether the child’s hemoglobin is normal.
There is a difference between adult food and children’s food. For example, alcohol is by no means a child’s food; some “tonics” available to adults should not be included in children’s recipes.
Special attention should be paid to avoid being overweight in early childhood. If there is such a trend, it may be because of partial food with too much trace or too little exercise. You should make appropriate adjustments under the guidance and focus on changing the appropriate diet.behavior.
Reasonable nutrition is the material basis of health, and balanced supplementation is the way of reasonable nutrition.
What is the actual situation suitable for the expected consumption and nutritional status of Chinese infants and young children?
Earlier this year, the Ministry of Health released the “Guidelines for the Population of Chinese Residents (2007)”, and versions before 1997 added recommendations for infant and child pregnancy.
As long as the parents arrange the daily diet of infants and young children in accordance with the contents of the diet guide, they can provide a reasonable nutritional foundation for the growth of children.
Age: Infant (0?
1 year) Breast milk replacement gradually added complementary food diet principles: 1.
Encourage breastfeeding 2.
The gradual addition of complementary foods after 4 months of breastfeeding refers to children from birth to 1 year of age. This period is one year of growth and transformation. Weight gain is the cost of birth, so it needs to be nutritionally fast-growing.Developmental needs.
Breast milk is the only ideal balanced food for babies, and has unique immune substances, which is conducive to the normal growth and development of babies.
In cases where the mother is unable to breastfeed due to illness or other reasons, the infant should choose a suitable formula with a variety of nutrients, which is sold with the permission of the health department or other similar products, and replace it according to the product instructions.
6 months to 1 year is the transition period for infants and young children.
At this time, we should insist on breastfeeding, supplement infants with appropriate supplementary food in a step-by-step manner, change their developmental needs, ensure the nutrition of the infant, and smoothly enter the early childhood stage.
Premature or too late supplementary food supplementation can affect infant development, but any supplementary food should be provided in preference to adequate breastfeeding.
Supplementation of weaning transition food should start from a small amount to an appropriate amount, and should also be tried from one to a variety, pay attention to the response of the baby after eating, and pay attention to the hygiene of food and utensils.
Under normal circumstances, infants may have allergic or intolerant reactions to some foods, causing rashes, diarrhea and other reactions.
Therefore, each time a child is given a food, start with a small amount, observe it for more than 3 days, and then increase the amount.
Supplementary foods often start with cereals, especially rice, flour paste or soup, and then gradually add vegetable puree, fruit puree, milk and dairy products, egg yolk, liver, and extremely crushed meat puree.
These foods should be added with the right amount of cooking oil, but not necessarily with salt.
Age: School-age children (6?
(12 years old) Eat a good breakfast and follow the rules for outdoor activities: 1.
Guaranteed good breakfast 2.
Eat less snacks to lighten your drinks and control your sugar intake3.
Does outdoor schoolchildren mean 6?
12-year-old child entering primary school.
Their ability to move independently has grown and they can accept most of the diet of adults.
This part of the child is often mistaken by parents for adults in diet, in fact, they should still receive multiple aspects of care and care.
In general, children should eat a variety of foods reasonably to achieve a balanced diet. Boys should eat no less than their fathers and girls no less than their mothers.
Children should be allowed to eat three meals a day, especially breakfast, and the amount of food should be equivalent to a full day’s supplement.
Should my child gain 2 weights per year?
5 kilos, height should increase 4?
Heights increase faster in the later stages of this period, so their bodies are often intuitively thought to be lean and elongated.
A few children have a large diet and a small amount of exercise, so they should adjust their diet and improve outdoor activities to gain weight.
In addition, children should also be guided to eat a variety of foods with different thicknesses, but foods that must be protein such as fish, poultry, eggs, and meat should be rich in milk, beans and beans should be too much, and partial eclipse, picky eaters, etchabit.
It is worth mentioning that children should be guided to replace light and redundant drinks, control the intake of sugary drinks and candy, and develop the habit of snacking less.
Eating too many sweets and sweets can easily cause dental caries. Care should be taken to prevent and pay attention to oral hygiene and dental health.
Related Links 3 characteristics of adequate nutrition for infants and young children A healthy and energetic child will inevitably exhibit the characteristics of rich nutrition.
These characteristics can be expressed in three aspects: (1) height and weight standards.
The normal growth and development of the human body, especially height and weight, must be affected by diet.
For example, in the early post-war period, Japanese people living in the United States were taller than Japanese people living in Japan. This is why they have different diets.
If young children are adequately nutritional, their physical development will certainly be in accordance with general routines.
The weight of a child conforms to the following formula: weight (inch) = age × 2 + 8; the height of a child generally conforms to the following formula: height (cm) = age × 5 + 75
Judging from the relationship between nutrition and health, meeting the standard height and weight is at least a sign of health.
(2) Ability to resist disease.
After the birth of infants, the antibodies from the mother’s body against disease are consumed in about 6 months after birth, so various infectious diseases are prone to occur after six months of birth.
In order to prevent infectious diseases, infants and young children should be given various vaccinations. This is commonly known as “vaccination.”
For a nutrient-rich child, this will play an important role in resisting the occurrence of infectious diseases.
But for a small, weak child, the preventive effect will be limited.
Children in some parts of the world die before they reach the age of seven. The main cause is malnutrition and they cannot resist the attack of various diseases.
(3) Intellectual nutrition status.
Improperly focused children have low intelligence.
Some scholars have observed the behavioral characteristics of malnourished and normal infants and young children, and there are obvious differences in “distance communication”.
Those with normal nutrition can leave their mothers to play alone, and will use eyes, voice, smile, and gestures to interact with children.
Malnourished people have poor ability of long-distance communication, timidity, inactivity, inseparability from their mother, less use of language and symbols.